Health effects of air pollutants

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Air pollutants are hazardous gas or particle substances that originate from human-made (such as vehicles or power plants) or natural sources (such as volcanic eruptions or sea spray). In Finland, the air is quite clean, and therefore air pollutants do not have a significant effect on the health of most Finns. However, people’s sensitivity to the air pollutants varies, and some get symptoms more easily than others.

Groups of people sensitive to air pollutants are:

  • asthmatics of all ages
  • elderly people with heart or respiratory diseases
  • ​children.

​​​​​​​​​​Typical symptoms caused by air pollutants are rhinitis and cough. People with heart or respiratory diseases may experience symptoms typical to their disease, such as shortness of breath or chest pain. Frosty weather may worsen the symptoms caused by air pollutants.

Read more from the brochure the Air you breathe ».