Reading exercise. What is waste prevention? (ENA7)
Read the texts through and answer the following questions:
1. Why should waste generation be prevented?
2. How does waste prevention differ from recycling?
3. What does the ecological rucksack tell you about the product?
4. Why is the MIPS value of a disposable plastic bag higher than that of a cotton bag?
5. How do you think an ecological footprint from the developing countries differs when compared to the developed countries?
6. What can YOU do to prevent waste? Is it easy to prevent waste? What kind of difficulties have you faced with it? Discuss with your partner or write an essay on waste prevention.
Material related to the exercise:
Aineisto 26. What is waste prevention (pdf, 224 kB). HSY:n jätehuolto.
Aineisto 27. Key Concepts. Brochure (pdf, 227 kB). HSY:n jätehuolto.
1. The current way of consuming exceeds the sustainable level of using natural resources.
2. The sorting of waste for reuse purposes is not waste prevention as it doesn’t decisively reduce the amount of natural resources used, although it diminishes the amount of original raw material and energy used in the production.
3. The ecological rucksack defines the amount of natural resources needed for a certain product. It includes the entire life cycle from production to usage and discard.
4. A plastic bag is used once or just a few times. A canvas bag will be durable for years. With a durable product, the need for material use is lower in the long run.
5. The developed countries have a clearly larger ecological footprint than the developing countries, since about 4/5 of the earth’s natural resources are used in the developed countries.
6. Even small acts help to prevent waste: for example, choose a product with minimal packaging, avoid disposable products and buy durable goods instead.